Green Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles From Solenostemon Monostachyus Leaf Extract and In Vitro Antibacterial and Antifungal Evaluation

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  •   Elisha Karu

  •   Buhari Magaji

  •   Zaccheus Shehu

  •   Hadiza Abdulsalam

Abstract

A rapid green synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using plant extract Solenostemo monastachyus (S. monastachyus) with silver nitrate is reported here. The formation of AgNPs was confirmed by a colour change in the plant extract from pale yellow to reddish brown and was further characterized by UV-Vis spectrophotometric, FT-IR, SEM, EDX and XRD analyses. Ag+ ions were reduced by the phytochemicals present in the extract. A characteristic single broad peak was observed at 450 nm and has been ascribed to the excitation of surface plasmon resonance phenomenon. The efficient capping and stabilization properties of the NPs were revealed by the FT-IR analysis. SEM and XRD results showed the formation of spherical shaped AgNPs with the average particle size of less than 100 nm and EDX confirmed the presence of silver in the prepared AgNPs. The antimicrobial properties of the biosynthesized AgNPs was evaluated against some selected bacterial and fungal species. The prepared AgNPs had notable antimicrobial activity against the selected bacterial and fungal species. Thus, the biosynthesized AgNPs could be a good lead for antimicrobial agent.


Keywords: Antimicrobial activity, Green synthesis, Silver nanoparticles, Solenostemo monastachyus

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How to Cite
Karu, E., Magaji, B., Shehu, Z., & Abdulsalam, H. (2020). Green Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles From Solenostemon Monostachyus Leaf Extract and In Vitro Antibacterial and Antifungal Evaluation. European Journal of Advanced Chemistry Research, 1(4). https://doi.org/10.24018/ejchem.2020.1.4.11