Fabrication and Characterization of Novel Pb(II) and Cr(III) Ion Selective and Sensitive Electrodes


  •   Naheed Azam

  •   Seema I. Habib

  •   Muzdan Abdul Wahab Madoo


The Lead - Ion Selective Electrode (Pb-ISE) and Chromium-Ion electrode (Cr-ISE) is a method for the analytical determination of Pb(II) and Cr(III) in natural matrices. The ISEs are very sensitive, selective, and inexpensive analytical tools that can be applied to determine Pb(II) and Cr(III) in soil samples due to relatively high limits of detection. In the present work, we examined the possibility of using solid contact ISEs in soil analysis, combined with a simplified extraction method based on dilute HNO3 that can be carried out at the field site. The Ionic strength of lead and Chromium is measured by using The Pb-ISE and Cr-ISE were fabricated and their characteristics were studied separately and the Ionic strength of Pb(II) and Cr(III) was measured by using them, the results were found to be quite satisfactory.

Keywords: Analytical Technique, Cr(III) ISE, Pb(II) ISE, Soil Samples.


Kim HJ, Sudduth KA, Hummel JW, Drummond ST. Validation Testing of a Soil Macronutrient Sensing System. American Society of Agricultural & Biological Engineers, 2013.

Kim HJ, Sudduth KA, Hummel JW. Soil Macronutrients Sensing for Precision Agriculture, Journal of Environmental Monitoring, 2009; 11(10).

Xue F, Xia YYM, Faheem M. Electro-Kinetic Remediation of Chromium Contaminated Soil by a Three Dimensional Electrode Coupled with a Permeable Reactive Barrier. RSC Advances, 2017; 7(86).

Reddy KR, Reddy SC. Effects of Initial Form of Chromium on Electro Kinetic Remediation in Clays. Advances in Environmental Research, 2003; 353–365.

Onweremadu E, Uhuegbu A. Chromium (III) in Relation to Soil Properties and Bioaccessibility in Soils Polluted by Animal Wastes. Nature and Science of Sleep, 2007;5(2).

Villalobos-Neri EE, Garcia UP, Hexavalent Chromium Reduction at the Polypyrrole Coated 304- Stainless Steel Electrode in a Filter Press Type Reactor, Int. J. Electrochem. Sci. 16(2021).

Lie J, Sun Y. A New Electrochemical detection technique for organic matter content in Ecological soils, Orginal Research article, 2021.

March G, Nguyen DZT. Modified electrodes used for Electrochemical Detection of Metal Ions in Environmental Analysis. BenoitPiro, 2015.

Kumar UN, Ramvath JN, Ghosh S. Chromium Oxy nitride as durable electrode material for symmetric supercapacitors. Batteries & Supercaps, 2020; 3: 780-788.

Jin Kim H, Motavalli P. Simultaneous analysis of soil macronutrients using Ions selective electrodes. Soil Science society of America Journal, 2007; 71(6).

Surkar PK, Karwankar AR. Automatic testing of soil samples using ion selective electrodes (ISEs), International conference, 2016.

Abad SQ, Beone GM. Quantification of Cr(VI) in soil samples from a contaminated area in northern Italy by isotope dilution mass spectrometry, Environmental Science & Pollution Research, 2015.

Asfaw TB, Tadesse TM, Ewnetie AM. Determination of Total Chromium and Chromium Species in Kombolcha Tannery Wastewater, Surrounding Soil, and Lettuce Plant Samples, South Wollo, Ethiopia. Advances in Chemistry, 2017: 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/6191050.

V, Gupta V. K. Sing, Sameena M & B. G., Analytical Chemical Actuators 566, 5-10, 2006.

B, Ardakani MM, Kashni MK, Salavati M. Sensors and Actuators. Chemical, 2005; 107: 1, 438-445.


How to Cite
Azam, N., Habib, S. I., & Madoo, M. A. W. (2022). Fabrication and Characterization of Novel Pb(II) and Cr(III) Ion Selective and Sensitive Electrodes. European Journal of Advanced Chemistry Research, 3(4), 16–19. https://doi.org/10.24018/ejchem.2022.3.4.119