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Hibiscus is a widely used plant, which has been proven to have numerous positive effects on human health, such as lowering blood pressure, maintaining optimal blood cholesterol levels, liver protection, prevention of oxidative stress, etc. In this study, the content of polyphenols, flavonoids and antioxidant capacity of aqueous, ethanolic and hydroethanolic (50/50 v/v) hibiscus extracts, prepared by maceration and ultrasonic extraction, was analyzed. Analysis of antioxidant activity was performed in vitro, using FRAP and DPPH methods. The results showed that the mixture of water and ethanol had a significantly higher effect of extraction of bioactive components from hibiscus than the remaining two solvents. The lowest content of polyphenols and flavonoids, and thus the weakest antioxidant activity was recorded in extracts prepared in absolute ethanol. By comparing the efficiency of the techniques used, maceration proved to be slightly more efficient in the case of aqueous and hydroethanol extracts, while higher polyphenol content and higher antioxidant activity were observed in ethanolic extracts prepared by ultrasonic extraction.

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