Morphological Behavior of DPPC-DMPC Two-dimensional Mixed Monolayer on Water Surface by Dropping Method


We have investigated the morphology of dipalmitoyl phosphatidyl choline (DPPC)-dimyristoyl PC (DMPC) mixed monolayer formed on the water surface by the dropping method using surface tension measurement (STm), Brewster angle microscopy (BAM), and infrared external reflection spectroscopy (IERS). The limiting molecular area (A0) obtained by STm showed that the negative deviation at < mole fraction (xDMPC)= 0.4 whereas the positive deviation at > xDMPC =0.6 when DMPC was added to the DPPC monolayer. BAM images also showed that the condensed rigid monolayer at xDMPC < 0.4 changed to the expandable monolayer at xDMPC > 0.5. Moreover, IER spectra showed that the alkyl chains of both DPPC and DMPC molecules are in trans conformation in mixed monolayer at xDMPC =0.2 whereas gauche conformation existed at xDMPC = 0.8. Above findings have justified the transition of flexible gauche conformation alkyl chains of DMPC molecule into rigid trans conformation by the addition of DPPC molecule at xDMPC < 0.4 whereas alkyl chains retained flexible gauche conformation in both DPPC and DMPC molecules at xDMPC > 0.6.

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How to Cite

Watanabe, Y., Uchida, D., Akatsuka, H., Yoshino, A., Taga, K., Yamamoto, Y., Shervani, Z., & Yamamoto, M. (2022). Morphological Behavior of DPPC-DMPC Two-dimensional Mixed Monolayer on Water Surface by Dropping Method. European Journal of Advanced Chemistry Research, 3(1), 52–63.

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